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The Teaching Geologic History Packet is now available. Contains over pages of ready-to-run materials covering: Can be purchased as a Download or a CD. Several items from this Packet are also available below at NO CHARGE You are welcome to use these ideas in your classroom, within your science department, within your school district, or to distribute to any teacher who may find these lessons useful.

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Learn how scientists determine the ages of rocks and fossils. We’ll explore both relative and numerical dating on our quest to understand the process of geological dating.

Sedimentary Rocks slowest to form, and weather the fastest! The material is deposited in layers that will eventually form the sedimentary rock. These may be transported, usually by water or wind in the case of sand and deposited to form sediments. These become buried under later forming sediments and water or by major tectonic activity, and then become subjected to compression as enormous pressures are created deep in the crust from the weight of rocks or sediments above them.

Over millions of years from the fragments of eroded pre-existing rocks, water is squeezed out and the particles cement together with the help of dissolved salts and silica crystallising out. Other changes come about depending on the type of material from which the sedimentary rock is formed. It then becomes compressed under the weight of water and other sediments and the water is squeezed out and the particles cement together.

These rocks are clearly layered and crumble easily.

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April Koch April teaches high school science and holds a master’s degree in education. Learn how scientists determine the ages of rocks and fossils. We’ll explore both relative and numerical dating on our quest to understand the process of geological dating. Along the way, we’ll learn how stratigraphic succession and radioactive decay contribute to the work of paleontologists.

Dating Dinosaur Fossils Consider the following scenario: Paul the Paleontologist is a very famous scientist who has studied dinosaur bones all over the world.

Worksheet: The geological time scale Senior Phase Grade 7 – 9 Learning area Explain the difference between “relative dating” and “absolute dating”. 2. Explain the structure of the geologic time scale. What is a palaeontologist? 4. The layers of rocks can be compared with the pages of a history book. Explain what you understand by this.

Read this article about Genesis genealogies. Day 54 Read about biomes on page 2. Click on each circle at the bottom of the page to read about each biome. There are links within each one to read its description and to learn about its location, temperature and precipitation. Make two graphs that show the temperature and precipitation of all the biomes. Use one color for each biome and use that same color on both graphs. Make sure to label your graphs and to make a key that shows what each color stands for.

Record twenty points for your graphs. Ten points for each graph: Use this website to make a chart about animals, vegetation, climate, and location in the following biomes:

Online Self-Paced Science Lessons

Earth processes have not changed over time. Mountains grow and mountains slowly wear away, just as they did billions of years ago. As the environment changes, living creatures adapt. They change over time.

Relative Age Dating (with special emphasis on Arkansas materials) A R K A N S A S G E O L O G I C A L S UR V E Y EWS – STATE OF ARKANSAS ARKANSAS GEOLOGICAL SURVEY BEKKI WHITE, DIRECTOR AND STATE GEOLOGIST Angela Chandler Little Rock, Arkansas Geologists study rock layers exposed along roads, in quarries, along hill sides and in.

Gillaspy has taught health science at University of Phoenix and Ashford University and has a degree from Palmer College of Chiropractic. Chemical weathering is what happens when rocks are broken down and chemically altered. Learn about the different types of chemical weathering, including hydrolysis, oxidation, carbonation, acid rain and acids produced by lichens. Chemical Weathering You have probably noticed that no two rocks look exactly the same.

Some look like they have been carved by a sculptor. Some look like they have been painted red and others have been hollowed out to form caves. One of the reasons rocks look so varied in their appearance is because they are subjected to chemical weathering, which is the process by which rocks are broken down by chemical reactions. In this lesson, you will learn about the different types of chemical weathering and how exposure to things such as water, oxygen, carbon dioxide and acids can alter the minerals found in rocks.

Dating Index Fossils

There are two general methods. The first is called relative age dating. In relative dating, the position of a fossil or the layer in rock in which a fossil occurs is determined to be relatively older or younger than another layer by its position.

Finally they should apply what they have gathered in order to correctly arrange the rock layers on their worksheet entitled “The Order Mat”. 4. A summary of students’ findings should be explored, and steps they took to find the correct order of the rock layers, placed on the chalkboard in a flow chart.

Idahoan the present 30, 2. The group of “fossils” you will work with are ficticious animals. Each fossil on your sheet is marked with a time period. Cut out each fossil and make sure you include the time period marked below it. Arrange the fossils by age. On your data chart, place each fossil next to the period from which the fossil came from. The term “upper” means more recent and should be placed lower in the low.

Earth’s Internal Layers: Crust, Mantle & Core

Print The geologic time scale was initially developed by determining the relative ages of rock units, first in Europe, and then in other parts of the world. Most of this work was done in the s and s. To determine which rock units were older and which ones were younger in a relative sense , geologists devised a number of laws, or principles, to help figure out the sequence of geologic events in a particular locality. In this lab, you will apply many of these laws and principles to determine the relative sequence of geologic events that created a particular set of rock layers and intrusions.

By doing this, you will unravel the geologic history recorded in the rock record, just as geologists did hundreds of years ago, and still do today.

the layers? Examine the following diagrams. Columns I and II contain rock layers A, B, C and D, E, F. Both columns. were taken from the same dig site. 3. Which two layers are of approximately the same age? How do you know? 4. Which layer is the oldest? How do you know? 5. Which layer is the youngest? How do you know? 6.

The five categories included in the peer review process are Scientific Accuracy Alignment of Learning Goals, Activities, and Assessments Pedagogic Effectiveness Robustness usability and dependability of all components Completeness of the ActivitySheet web page For more information about the peer review process itself, please see http: This activity has benefited from input from faculty educators beyond the author through a review and suggestion process.

This review took place as a part of a faculty professional development workshop where groups of faculty reviewed each others’ activities and offered feedback and ideas for improvements. To learn more about the process On the Cutting Edge uses for activity review, see http: This page first made public: Jun 4, Summary This activity visually introduces students to the idea of geologic time and the correlation between time, rock layers and fossils.

It uses the familiar, relevant example of cake but teaches important concepts such as the Law of Superposition, and relative dating and hints at more advanced concepts such as the principle of faunal succession. This activity could also be modified and expanded to teach more in-depth paleontological topics including absolute dating and geologic mapping as related to finding fossils.

Relative Dating – Example 2